Recommendations for Disposal of Unwanted or Expired Medication
The proper removal of medicine from the home will help prevent accidental poisoning for children and family members, decrease drug diversion or abuse of certain medications and lessen the negative impact of pharmaceuticals on the environment. Studies have shown the presence of drugs such as antibiotics, hormones and cardiac medications among others in our nation’s waterways. Water treatment plants are unable to remove these compounds before they reach the environment. The majority of this contamination is most likely due to the natural excretion of the medication or its metabolized by-products from individuals taking the drug. Another significant source of environmental contamination is the amount of antibiotics and hormones given to livestock (e.g., cattle, pigs or poultry). While flushing unused medications may be a small part of this emerging environmental concern, it is a key behavior that can be easily modified.
Medicine Disposal Guidelines:
1) Where available, take expired or unwanted medications to an approved medication disposal site in your community. You may call your local health department or other government agency to find the locations. See below: "Links to Find Drug Disposal Sites Near You".
2) If a medication disposal program is not available in the area, the unwanted or expired medicine may be thrown away in the trash:
• Liquids should be poured over paper towels, kitty litter, or coffee grounds. Place the tightly wrapped mixture into a sealable or watertight container or bag.
• Solids (pills, capsules, tablets) may be mixed with undesirable substances such as coffee grounds or kitty litter so that they are less likely to be eaten. Place the tightly wrapped mixture into a sealable or water tight container or bag.
When these medicines are placed in the trash, be sure to place them in an inaccessible location to minimize the chance of accidental poisoning of children and pets. Download the over-the-counter (OTC) medicine household disposal poster (PDF)
Safely disposing of medications ensures that they are not accidentally used
or intentionally misused by someone else.
Links to Find Drug Disposal Sites Near You:
- DEA's National Take Back Initiative Semi-annual dates and drop off sites
- Walgreen's Medication Disposal Kiosks (kiosk locations) Walgreens safe medication disposal kiosks provide a safe and convenient way to dispose of unwanted, unused or expired medication at no cost, year-round. Kiosks are available during regular pharmacy hours
- Cook County Sheriff’s Prescription Drug Take Back Program For times and locations, use the interactive map or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- City of Chicago Pharmaceutical Disposal Sites Locate year round drop boxes near you
- www.earth911.org Find a recycling center or hazardous household recycling location near you
- Poison Prevention Education and Resources (for free poison prevention materials and online poison prevention education course)
* Always refer to the printed material accompanying medication for specific instructions